Species conservation | WWF

Species conservation

WWF Mongolia has prioritized under its Conservation Program species of high importance. They have been selected according to their characteristics of flagship species; their ability to represent the eco-region at best and their contribution to overall protection of ecosystem health and protection of other species sharing the same habitat and threats. WWF-Mongolia priority species include:

ASER Ecoregion
  • Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia) ;
  • Mongolian Saiga Antelope (Saiga tatarica mongolica )
AHEC Ecoregion
  • Freshwater ecosystem
  • Nested targets: Taimen (Hucho taimen) as a freshwater indicator and Crane species as a umbrella species of wetlands
  • Migration of ungulates
  • Nested target: Steppe and desert steppe ungulates namely Asiatic wild ass – Khulan (Equus hemionus), Goitered Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) and Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa)

Targets and Goals

Due  to  the  low  human  population  density,  Mongolia  is  one  of  last  true wilderness  areas  of  global  significance  with  large  areas  of  relatively  unfragmented  and  intact habitats,  populated  with  unique  assemblages  of  charismatic  and  keystone  species  such  as  snow leopard and gray wolf which play a fundamental role in maintaining, functioning and stability of the ecosystem and overall landscape,  and allowing natural migration of large herds of ungulates such as the as Mongolian saiga and Mongolian gazelle.

Mongolia boasts a wide variety of wildlife: 139 species of mammals; 450 species of birds (331 migratory and 119 resident within Mongolia year round); 22 species of reptiles; 6 species of amphibians; and 76 fish species.

Mongolia’s remoteness, low population density and traditional nomadic lifestyle are named as major factors for preserving high level of biodiversity. The  unique  biodiversity  values  that  Mongolia  has  to  offer  globally  and  the  important  niche  and role WWF Mongolia has established among environmental NGOs in the country has been the main basis for defining what we will focus on over the next five years to make unique contributions to WWF Global Goals.

The  selection  of  the  specific  conservation  targets  and  the  respective  long-term  goals  were developed based on the recommendations from the independent assessment on last conservation strategic plan. Both the conservation targets and goals are fully aligned with the WWF Network Global Goals   and   key   Drivers   of   environmental   problems   and   WWF-Mongolia’s Critical Contributions build the basis for setting the objectives for the next conservation strategy.

Based on the above WWF-Mongolia has selected five conservation targets in the two ecoregions: Boreal coniferous forest ecosystem; Freshwater ecosystem; two GPF priority species namely Snow leopard  (Panthera  uncia)  and  Mongolian  Saiga  (Saiga  tatarica  mongolica);  and  Migration  of ungulates, as an important ecological process.