Wildlife in Mongolia | WWF

Wildlife in Mongolia

Species Conservation work of WWF Mongolia

Species conservation is an important integral part of the WWF-Mongolia Conservation endeavours. Under the latest 5 year Conservation Program, WWF Mongolia prioritized following 4 key species of wildlife as high priority target species:

WWF has been working to protect natural habitats to conserve biodiversity.

Biodiversity of Mongolia

Mongolia boasts a wide variety of wildlife: with 139 species of mammals; 450 species of birds (331 migratory and 119 resident within Mongolia year round); 22 species of reptiles; 6 species of amphibians; and 76 fish species.

The Mongolian Altai-Sayan is famous with its unique fauna and flora where most of the species are endemic to the region and endangered worldwide. Some of the species that are wild ancestors of the domesticated animals still roam in Altai Mountains. They include:

  • Snow Leopards (Uncia uncia)
  • Wild sheep (Ovis ammon) or Argali
  • Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica), 
  • Mongolian Saiga (Saiga tatarica mongolica)
  • Musk Deer (Moschus moschiferus)
  • Pallas’ cat (Felis manul) or Manul
  • Black Tailed Gazelle (Gazelle subgutturosa)
  • Wild Boar (Sus scrofa nigipes)
  • Stone Martin (Martes foina)
  • Marbeled Polecat (Vormela peregusna)
  • Elk (Cervus elaphus) or Red Deer
  • Snowcock (Tetraogallus altaicus) or Altain ular
  • Cenereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus)
  • Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
  • Lammergeyer (Gypaetus barbatus)
  • Spoonbills (Platalea Leucorodia)
  • Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus)
  • Great White Egrets (Egretta alba)
  • Whooper Swans (Cygnus cygnus)
  • Great Black-Headed Gulls (Larus ichthyatus)
  • Black Storks (Ciconia nigra); and
  • The Swan Goose (Anser cygnoides).