BOREAL AND PATCH FOREST ECOSYSTEMS | WWF

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Boreal and Patch forest ecosystems

© WWF Mongolia

Nested target: Brown bear (Ursus arctos) - At global level population status brown bear is considered "Stable". However due to continued demand for bear derivate for TCM, WWF included all Asian bears as priority species under the “Bears” clusters or groups

Conservation goals

By 2025, size of boreal and patch forest is not decreased from anthropogenic impacts and biodiversity values are maintained compared to 2020 level.

Conservation target current status

Mongolia’s total forest area covers 18,583 hectares (11.8% of the country) of which 12,393 hectare is considered forested areas with forest quality estimated at 7.9%. Remaining 6,190 hectares of forest area include patch forest, pest and wild fire affected areas and open spaces inside forested areas. Mongolia supports two major forest biomes, boreal (largely Larch - Larix sibirica) and temperate (largely birch – Betulla ssp.) forests in the north accounting for 84.8%, and Saxaul forest in the Gobi desert accounting 15.2 percent of total forest area.

The patch forests in WWF landscapes are represented by riparian forest, temperate forest in AHEC and patch forests of Saxaul (Ammodendron haloxylon) and Euphrates poplar (Populus diversifolia) in the Gobi Desert regions.

Due to the climate change impact and human pressure for firewood and livestock grazing many of these forest ecosystems, especially those in close vicinity of human settlements are facing serious egradation.

© WWF Mongolia