Species conservation in Mongolia
Mongolia boasts a wide variety of wildlife: 139 species of mammals; 450 species of birds (331 migratory and 119 resident within Mongolia year round); 22 species of reptiles; 6 species of amphibians; and 76 fish species.
Mongolia’s remoteness, low population density and traditional nomadic lifestyle are named as major factors for preserving high level of biodiversity. However, pressure on natural resources is growing due to an increasingly imbalanced economic growth policy.
Protection, sustainable use and equitable sharing of benefits from biodiversity resource are an essential component for WWF Mongolia’s conservation program.
This program has a decade-long legacy in species conservation practice targeting Snow Leopards (Uncia uncia), wild mountain sheep - Argali (Ovis ammon) and Saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica mongolica) in their natural habitats. They are key species for the Altai-Sayan Mountain Ecoregion, representing the best of high-mountain ecosystem diversity and connectivity (in terms of prey-predator and cause-effect relationships).
For the Daurian Steppe, the next priority ecoregion for WWF Mongolia, gazelles (Procapra gutturosa) have been selected as the flagship species.
By achieving conservation of these species, WWF Mongolia believe that many other species sharing the same habitat and under the same threats will be protected.