Targets and Goals
Due to the low human population density, Mongolia is one of last true wilderness areas of global significance with large areas of relatively unfragmented and intact habitats, populated with unique assemblages of charismatic and keystone species such as snow leopard and gray wolf which play a fundamental role in maintaining, functioning and stability of the ecosystem and overall landscape, and allowing natural migration of large herds of ungulates such as the as Mongolian saiga and Mongolian gazelle.
Mongolia boasts a wide variety of wildlife: 139 species of mammals; 450 species of birds (331 migratory and 119 resident within Mongolia year round); 22 species of reptiles; 6 species of amphibians; and 76 fish species.
Mongolia’s remoteness, low population density and traditional nomadic lifestyle are named as major factors for preserving high level of biodiversity. The unique biodiversity values that Mongolia has to offer globally and the important niche and role WWF Mongolia has established among environmental NGOs in the country has been the main basis for defining what we will focus on over the next five years to make unique contributions to WWF Global Goals.
The selection of the specific conservation targets and the respective long-term goals were developed based on the recommendations from the independent assessment on last conservation strategic plan. Both the conservation targets and goals are fully aligned with the WWF Network Global Goals and key Drivers of environmental problems and WWF-Mongolia’s Critical Contributions build the basis for setting the objectives for the next conservation strategy.
Based on the above WWF-Mongolia has selected five conservation targets in the two ecoregions: Boreal coniferous forest ecosystem; Freshwater ecosystem; two GPF priority species namely Snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and Mongolian Saiga (Saiga tatarica mongolica); and Migration of ungulates, as an important ecological process.