Support to Khar Us Nuur National Park | WWF

Support to Khar Us Nuur National Park

Geographical location:

Europe/Middle-East > North Asia/Mongolia > Mongolia

Summary

The project aims to support the conservation and sustainable use of the natural resources of the Khar Us Nuur National Park and its buffer zones.

Background

The Khar Us Nuur National Park was established in June 1997 on the recommendation of WWF. It covers an area of 850,000 ha in the Great Lakes Basin in Western Mongolia, forming part of the Altay-Sayan region, a WWF ecoregion. This unique landscape hosts many rare and endangered species, such as Altai mountain sheep or argali, Siberian ibex, snow leopard, and black stork.

The park is also one of the most internationally important wetland sites of Mongolia. In 1999 it was registered as a Ramsar site, providing an important breeding ground and migration stopover for about 200 bird species, of which 10 are globally endangered and 21 nationally threatened.

Around 1,300 families (approximately 6,000 people) settle in Khar Us Nuur National Park on a seasonal basis, when the average population density is less than 1.2 persons/km2, the main period of residence being from October to April. A problem facing the region arises from the loss of former traditional grazing practices based on sustainable use of the natural resource base, and the emergence of poisonous plants as a consequence of overgrazing.

Objectives

- Strengthen infrastructure and supervision of the national park in priority areas.

- Establish grazing free core area (Mandal Island).

- Reduce grazing pressure in priority core areas (Tsagaan-gol, Nariin-gol, Bayan-gol).

Solution

Reduce livestock grazing inside the park and create core areas of the park which are completely free from human and livestock disturbance.