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Snow leopard
© WWF Mongolia

Nested target: Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica) Marmots (Marmota ssp.)

Conservation goals

By 2025, the snow leopard populations in 14 key areas in two priority landscapes have remained stable or increased and the area of occupied habitat in entire ecoregion has remained stable compared to 2020 level.

Conservation target current status

The snow leopard (Panthera uncia) range is found in 12 countries in the northern Asia (spanning the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayan, Tian Shan, and Altai mountain ranges), though the animals are sparsely distributed. Mongolia hosts an about 20% of the estimated global snow leopard population of which 2/3 inhabits in the Mongolian part of Altai-Sayan Ecoregion.

Study on climate change to the snow leopard habitats showed that by year 2100, 39% of the current snow leopard habitat in the world is  vulnerable to loss under a high emissions climate scenario including Gobi and Khangai region of Mongolia, while Altai Sayan Ecoregion will continue to be an important habitat and last heaven for its survival. Snow leopards are declining across their range due to a wide range of threats including poaching and illegal trade, habitat loss due to overgrazing, depletion of prey species and conflict between snow leopard and human as well as climate change.

Some of the studies indicate that Mongolia is becoming a second biggest snow leopard poaching country after China (103-236 ind.) with an annual poaching of 34-50 individuals based on expert guesses.

© WWF Mongolia