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Grassland steppe
© WWF Mongolia

Nested target: Great bustard and Mongolian gazelle + Gray wolf

Conservation goals

By 2025, the area of unconverted*steppe ecosystem in the AHEC/ASER does not decrease and  biodiversity values are maintained compared to 2020.

*unconverted means that the area is free from human activities like infrastructure, industrial and farming developments.

Conservation target current status

In Mongolia, the grassland steppe covers 860,000 sq.kms, some 55.4% of the country. The Mongolian steppe is considered as the last remaining pristine grassland in Eurasia that once started in Eastern Europe and reaches to the steppes of Manchuria. The grassland steppe is home to many different iconic  species including an estimated about 2 million of Mongolian gazelles that are an inseparable element of this pristine ecosystem, both inhabiting and shaping it. The Mongolian gazelle’s annual migration is one of the last large-scale migrations in the northern hemispherematched only by two other ungulate migrations in the world: the wildebeest in East Africa and the caribou in North America.

The Eastern steppe is also home of over 20,000 herder families that raise diverse domestic livestock that are their main livelihood source. Only 9.8% of the steppe is protected, although there is a target of 30% protection by 2025 according to the National Biodiversity Strategy Action Program which is fully aligned with Aichi Targets.

The main drivers of change in the grassland are a rapid increase in the number of livestock, leading to overgrazing and land degradation.

© WWF Mongolia