Horsemen participation in Mongolian saiga conservation
Herders say "Mongolian saigas are very rare this year. It’s unbelievable how sparse they are. Seems like it’s going to be a rough winter because of less food source for them". They also shared their views on pasture. "Pasture use should be timely. There is a lack of legal regulation. Instead of having more livestock, it is important to have a small number of livestock that are economically and financially usable. It should be reasonable to pay livestock tax”. Herders agreed that without pasture, livestock and wild animals would not survive. Participants summed up their work and made a plan for future. This includes numerous works such as performing survey on illegal hunting and habitat surveys, and promoting the importance of wild animals.
Over the past two years, Mongolian saiga number has dropped immensely due to goat plague disease, lack of food and harsh weather. There were less than 3,000 saigas in April 2018. As of 2014, the Mongolian saiga population reached 14,000 and expanded its range. Unfortunately, the number of saigas has declined dramatically in the end of 2016. Although the prevalence of the disease has ceased, the continued drought and food shortages in 2017 and 2018 causes decrease in Mongolian saiga population.